cagr full form

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CAGR Full Form “Compound Annual Growth Rate.”

Explanation of CAGR:

Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) is a financial metric used to measure the annualized rate of growth of an investment or business over a specific period of time. It represents the smooth average annual growth rate of an investment, assuming that the investment grew at a steady rate year after year.

CAGR Formula:

The formula to calculate CAGR is as follows:

CAGR = [(Ending Value / Beginning Value) ^ (1 / Number of Years)] – 1


Ending Value is the value of the investment or business at the end of the specified period.
Beginning Value is the value of the investment or business at the start of the specified period.
Number of Years is the total number of years in the investment period.

cagr full form

Example of CAGR Calculation:

Let’s say you invested $10,000 in a stock on January 1, 2015, and the investment grew to $18,000 on January 1, 2020.

CAGR = [(18,000 / 10,000) ^ (1 / 5)] – 1
CAGR = (1.8 ^ 0.2) – 1
CAGR = 1.148698 – 1
CAGR = 0.148698 or 14.87%

So, the CAGR for this investment over the five-year period is approximately 14.87%.

Significance of CAGR:

CAGR is a valuable tool for investors and businesses to understand the annualized growth rate of an investment or business over time. It helps to smoothen out the effects of any fluctuations or volatility in the investment’s value, providing a clear and comparable growth rate. Investors often use CAGR to evaluate the performance of different investments or to compare the growth of a particular investment to other benchmarks.

It is important to note that CAGR assumes a constant rate of growth over the entire period, which may not always reflect the actual fluctuations and volatility that might occur in real-world scenarios. As such, CAGR is best used for long-term investment analysis and not for short-term performance evaluations.


CAGR, short for Compound Annual Growth Rate, is a crucial financial metric that measures the average annual growth rate of an investment or business over a specified period. It provides investors and businesses with a standardized way to evaluate and compare growth rates, making it a valuable tool for investment decision-making and performance analysis. However, it’s essential to remember that CAGR assumes a constant rate of growth, which may not always align with actual market fluctuations.

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