ICAR Full Form “Indian Council of Agricultural Research.”
Explanation of ICAR:
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organization under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. It is the apex body for coordinating, guiding, and managing research and education in agriculture and allied sciences across the country.
Establishment and Functions of ICAR:
ICAR was established on July 16, 1929, with the vision of developing and promoting agricultural research and education to improve agricultural productivity, rural livelihoods, and overall food security in India.
Key functions and responsibilities of ICAR include:
Research Coordination: ICAR coordinates agricultural research activities conducted by various research institutions, state agricultural universities, and other organizations to ensure the effective utilization of resources and avoid duplication of efforts.
Agricultural Education: ICAR plays a vital role in enhancing agricultural education by providing financial assistance to agricultural universities, supporting curriculum development, and promoting innovative teaching methodologies.
Technology Transfer: ICAR facilitates the transfer of agricultural technologies and knowledge from research institutions to farmers, helping to improve farming practices, crop varieties, and animal husbandry techniques.
Capacity Building: ICAR conducts training programs, workshops, and seminars to enhance the skills and knowledge of agricultural researchers, extension workers, and farmers.
Agricultural Extension: ICAR collaborates with state agricultural departments and other agencies to disseminate research findings and technologies to farmers through extension programs.
International Collaboration: ICAR fosters international cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sciences by collaborating with foreign institutions, participating in joint research projects, and exchanging scientific knowledge.
ICAR Institutes and Research Centers:
ICAR operates numerous research institutes and national research centers across India, focusing on various aspects of agriculture, horticulture, animal sciences, fisheries, and agricultural engineering.
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) plays a crucial role in promoting agricultural research, education, and technology transfer in India. By coordinating and guiding research efforts, ICAR aims to enhance agricultural productivity, rural livelihoods, and food security, contributing significantly to the agricultural development of the country. Its network of research institutes and centers work together to address the diverse challenges faced by Indian agriculture and support the growth and sustainability of the agricultural sector.